Classification and Morphology of Corn Plants

Among the benefits of this plant that is in the health sector for example, can fight cancer, contain a source of protein, prevent anemia, maintain immunity and as a source of potassium.
Besides corn can be consumed by boiling, baking and so forth. In the science of plant classification, corn has the scientific name Zea mays L. to be more clear about the classification and morphology of maize plants and their explanation. Klasifikasi Tanaman

Classification of Corn Plants

In the taxonomy or systematics of plants, Corn Classification includes:
  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  • Division or fillum: Angiosperms
  • Class: Monocotyledoneae (Plants with single-seeded seeds)
  • Order / nation: Poales
  • Family or tribe: Poaceae
  • Genus or clan: Zea
  • Species / types: Zea mays L.

Morphology of Corn Plants

  • Morphology of Corn Roots
The root system in maize plants is fibrous roots with a depth of up to 8 meters, but most are located at a depth of about 2 meters.
Mature corn plants will grow adventitious roots from the bottom corn stems of books that can help the corn plant become erect.
  • Corn Stems
Corn plants have stems that are erect, easily visible and segmented. The segment is wrapped in leaf fronds that appear from the book. Corn plants have stems that do not contain much lignin.
  • Morphology of Corn Leaves
The leaves on corn plants are perfect leaves with elongated shape. The leaves which are owned by the corn plant are light green when they are young, and dark green when the plants are mature, and yellow when the plants are old.
In addition there is a ligula between the leaf midrib and leaf blade. The corn plant has leaves whose leaf bones are parallel to the mother bone leaves of the corn plant. Surface of leaves in maize plants are hairy and some are slippery.
The leaves of maize plants have halter-shaped stomata which is a characteristic possessed by plants belonging to the family or tribe of poaceae.
Each stomata in a leaf plant is surrounded by fan-shaped epidermal cells. The structure has an important role in responding to plants to respond to the water deficit in maize leaf cells .
  • Morphology of Corn Flowers
Flowers owned by corn plants consist of male and female flowers, each of which is separated or diklin in one plant or monoecious.
Each flower bud of corn plants has a unique structure of flowers that belongs to the family / tribe of poaceae called floret. In corn plants, a pair of glumae or weed limits two florists.
Male flowers can grow on the tops of corn plants, which are bouquets or inflorescence. In corn plants there are pollen which is yellow with a distinctive aroma.
  • Morphology of Corncob
The cob that is owned by a corn plant grows from a book and is found between the stem of the leaf with the leaf stem from the corn plant.
In general, one corn crop can only produce one productive ear, even though the corn plant has a number of female flowers.
Male flowers do the opening as much as 2 to 5 days earlier than the female flowers.